Natural and synthetic melanins have been studied by optical absorption and photoconductivity measurements in the range 200--700 nm. Both optical absorption and photoconductivity increase in the ultraviolet region, and a negative photoconductivity was observed with a maximum near 500 nm. This behaviour has been interpreted by the band model of amorphous materials and an "optical gap" of 3.4 eV has been determined.
J Photochem Photobiol B 2002:66(3):201-6
Photoconductivity of synthetic dopa-melanin polymer.
Jastrzebska M, Kocot A, Tajber L.
Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Silesia, Ostrogorska 30, 41-200, Sosnowiec, Poland
The photoconductivity effect in synthetic dopa-melanin polymer with relation to the charge hopping conduction has been investigated. Measurements of the rise and decay of photocurrents upon visible radiation (400-800 nm) and at temperatures of 293-326 K allowed the determination of the major trapping levels as follows: 56, 35 and 26 kJ/mol. Spectral response of the steady-state photocurrent in the range 367-1100 nm showed significant departures from the absorption spectrum of melanin. The high concentration of traps or recombination centers can explain the long time-constants calculated from the photocurrent rise and decay curves. The results obtained can support the postulated earlier polarons and hopping model of conductivity in synthetic dopa-melanin.